Large language models (LLM) are a type of Artificial Intelligence (AI) system that can generate text that mimics human writing. They are typically trained on large amounts of data, such as the full contents of the internet, and use machine learning algorithms to identify patterns and relationships in the data. These models are called “large” because they require massive amounts of computing power and data to be trained effectively, and typically have billions of parameters.
Some examples of large language models include:
GPT-3 (Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3): This is currently one of the largest and most advanced language models, with over 175 billion parameters. It was developed by OpenAI and can generate human-like text for a wide range of applications, from chatbots to content creation.
BERT (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers): Developed by Google, BERT is a powerful language model that has been pre-trained on large amounts of text data. It is capable of understanding the context of words and generating natural language text with high accuracy.
T5 (Text-to-Text Transfer Transformer): Developed by Google, T5 is a versatile language model that can perform a wide range of natural language processing tasks, such as summarization, translation, and question-answering.
XLNet: Developed by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Google, XLNet is a language model that uses a permutation-based training method to generate high-quality text that is free of bias and can handle long sequences of text.
RoBERTa (Robustly Optimized BERT Approach): Developed by Facebook AI, RoBERTa is an optimized version of BERT that uses advanced training techniques to improve its performance on a wide range of natural language processing tasks.
They are used in a variety of applications, such as natural language processing, language translation, and chatbots, as well as for creative purposes like story writing and music composition.